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Virginia Poultry Litter
Transport Incentive Program

DCR and the Virginia Poultry Federation now offer a poultry litter transport incentive program to facilitate the efficient use of poultry litter as a crop nutrient source in areas that can most benefit from those nutrients and that are outside of the counties where poultry is most produced. The goal is to encourage development of self-sustaining poultry litter markets outside the Chesapeake Bay watershed. Through the program, $15 is provided per ton of litter moved to help cover additional costs associated with increased transport distances.

Who is eligible?

  • Poultry litter brokers
  • Poultry litter end-users


  • Poultry litter must originate from farms in Page County or Rockingham County.
  • To receive an incentive payment through this program, litter must be transported to a desination outside the Chesapeake Bay watershed.
  • Click here for a map depicting eligible counties.
  • Up to 300 tons of litter may be eligible per applicant per incentive request. Subsequent requests may be submitted after a request for payment, with all forms completed, has been received on the previous request.
  • Completed Poultry Litter Transport Incentive Request Forms (DCR199-184.docx) are valid for 12 months from the date of approval of the current request. If litter applications are not made within 12 months, a new form will need to be submitted for consideration.
  • Certified scale weight tickets are required for all tonnage moved in order to receive payment.
  • A Nutrient Management Plan (NMP) must be prepared by a nutrient management planner certified by DCR for all fields scheduled to receive poultry litter.
  • The end-user agrees to fully implement their NMP.
  • Fields eligible for payment must have a Virginia Tech soil test phosphorus reading (i.e., Virginia Tech soil test reading P lbs/acre, Merhlich I) no greater than the following:
    • Eastern Shore and Lower Coastal Plain: 270
    • Middle and Upper Coastal Plain, Piedmont: 272
    • Ridge and Valley: 324
    • Click here for a list of eligible counties by region. Click here for a correlation of other soil testing laboratories.
  • Fields eligible for payment must have maximum phosphorus application rates as determined through the use of the Soil Test Method or the Environmental Threshold Method (as described in the Virginia Nutrient Management Standards and Criteria, Revised October 2005), with phosphorus applications not to exceed crop removal phosphorus or crop nutrient needs determined by the soil test method, whichever is greater.
  • Poultry litter must have been analyzed within the previous three years to determine nutrient content and final application rate for nutrient management plan development. If analysis is unknown at the time the plan is being written, litter analysis shown in Table 8-4, Average Analysis for Manure Tested in Virginia, in the Virginia Nutrient Management Standards and Criteria, Revised October 2005, may be used to develop the initial plan submitted with the request form for this program.
  • No mortality, composted or otherwise, can be shipped as part of this incentive program. Litter containing mortality in any form will not qualify for payment.
  • Litter with moisture greater than 35 percent is ineligible for payment.
  • The receiving farm must have a safe off-loading site that does not pose an undue risk to water quality. These sites must be identified in the NMP.
  • Those on the receiving farm must store litter according to buffer requirements identified in the NMP’s Special Conditions and cover litter if it’s stored more than 14 days. These sites must be identified in the NMP.
  • Vehicles used to transport poultry litter, including any application equipment, must contain the poultry litter within the cargo area without loss while operating on a public road.
  • Spot checks for compliance with these program requirements may be performed by the Virginia Department of Conservation and Recreation.

How to apply