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The Natural Communities of Virginia
Classification of Ecological Community Groups

Second Approximation (Version 2.7)
Information current as of February, 2016


Table of Contents Table of Contents



High-Elevation Mountain Communities

Ecological community groups with distributions centered above 1,070 m (3,500 ft) elevation and representing structurally and compositionally diverse vegetation rich in northern species.

photo of yellow birch and evergreen woodfern
(c) Gary P. Fleming

Spruce and Fir Forests

Southern Appalachian Shrub and Grass Balds

Northern Hardwood Forests

High-Elevation Boulderfield Forests and Woodlands

High-Elevation Cove Forests

Northern Red Oak Forests

High-Elevation Outcrop Barrens