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The Natural Communities of Virginia
Classification of Ecological Community Groups

Second Approximation (Version 2.6)
Information current as of February, 2013


Table of Contents Table of Contents



Tidal Wetlands

Ecological community groups of regularly or irregularly flooded, lunar tidal wetlands and irregularly flooded, wind-tidal wetlands. Structurally and compositionally diverse vegetation is represented. In the descriptions that follow, the terms "high" and "low" marsh refer to the relative elevation of stands within the intertidal zone.

photo of James River tidal woodland
Gary P. Fleming

Tidal Freshwater Marshes

Tidal Oligohaline Marshes

Wind-Tidal Oligohaline Marshes

Tidal Mesohaline and Polyhaline Marshes

Tidal Shrub Swamps

Tidal Bald Cypress Forests and Woodlands

Tidal Hardwood Swamps

High-Energy Tidal River Shores

Tidal Freshwater and Oligohaline Aquatic Beds

Tidal Mesohaline and Polyhaline Aquatic Beds

Salt Flats

Salt Scrub