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Conservation organizations, land trusts
and conservancies that protect land

Land conservation organizations in Virginia

Similar to public agencies that conserve land, there are many private, nonprofit conservation organizations that do so. Each typically serves a particular region of the state and/or exists for a particular purpose, such as habitat protection or historical preservation. Organizations focusing mainly on land protection are typically called land trusts or conservancies.

Land trusts and conservancies in Virginia


Land Trust Phone Number Locality



Land Trust Phone Number Locality


Show all Land trusts and conservancies in Virginia

Land Trust Phone Number Locality
Appalachian Trail Conservancy(540) 953-3571Albemarle County, Amherst County, Augusta County, Bath County, Bland County, Botetourt County, Clarke County, Craig County, Fauquier County, Giles County, Grayson County, Greene County, Madison County, Page County, Rappahannock County, Roanoke County, Rockbridge County, Smyth County, Tazewell County, Warren County, Washington County, Wythe County
Blue Ridge Foothills Conservancy(540) 923-9980Culpeper County
Blue Ridge Land Conservancy(540) 985-0000Botetourt County, City of Bedford, City of Roanoke, Craig County, Floyd County, Franklin County, Montgomery County
Brandy Station Foundation(540) 727-7718Greene County, Madison County
Capital Region Land Conservancy(804) 745-3110Charles City County, Chesterfield County, City of Richmond, Goochland County, Hanover County, Henrico County, New Kent County, Powhatan County
Cedar Creek Battlefield Foundation(540) 869-2064Prince William County
Central Virginia Battlefield Trust(540) 907-0527City of Fredericksburg, Spotsylvania County
Central Virginia Land Conservancy(434) 384-3785Amherst County, Appomattox County, Bedford County, Campbell County, City of Bedford, City of Lynchburg, Nelson County
Chesapeake Bay Foundation(804) 780-1392Augusta County, Bath County, Frederick County, King George County, King William County, Mathews County, Middlesex County, Northampton County, Orange County, Rappahannock County, Richmond County, Stafford County, Westmoreland County
Civil War Preservation Trust(202) 367-1861Amelia County, Appomattox County, Augusta County, Bath County, Caroline County, Chesterfield County, Clarke County, Culpeper County, Dinwiddie County, Fairfax County, Fauquier County, Frederick County, Hanover County, Henrico County, Highland County, James City County, Loudoun County, Louisa County, New Kent County, Nottoway County, Orange County, Page County, Prince Edward County, Prince William County, Rockbridge County, Shenandoah County, Smyth County, Spotsylvania County, Warren County, York County
Friends of Chesterfield Riverfront(804) 796-1703Chesterfield County
Friends of Dragon Run(804) 462-5608Essex County, Gloucester County, King and Queen County, Middlesex County
Friends of the Rappahannock(540) 373-3448Caroline County, Culpeper County, Essex County, Fauquier County, Greene County, King and Queen County, King George County, Lancaster County, Madison County, Middlesex County, Orange County, Rappahannock County, Richmond County, Spotsylvania County, Stafford County, Westmoreland County
Goochland Land Alliance(804) 556-5999Goochland County
Hampton Land Conservancy(804) 275-6476City of Hampton, City of Newport News, City of Poquoson, York County
Historic Virginia Land Conservancy(757) 565-0343City of Williamsburg, James City County, New Kent County, York County
Kernstown Battlefield AssociationCity of Winchester, Frederick County
Land Trust of Virginia(540) 687-8441Clarke County, Fauquier County, Loudoun County, Madison County
Mathews County Land Conservancy(804) 725-9685Mathews County
McLean Land Conservancy(703) 241-1095Arlington County
Middle Peninsula Land Trust(888) 887-0909Essex County, Gloucester County, King and Queen County, King William County, Mathews County, Middlesex County
National Committee for the New River(336) 246-4871Carroll County, Giles County, Grayson County
New River Land Trust(540) 951-1704Bland County, Carroll County, Floyd County, Giles County, Montgomery County, Pulaski County, Smyth County, Wythe County
Northern Neck Land Conservancy(804) 435-2334King George County, Lancaster County, Northumberland County, Richmond County, Westmoreland County
Northern Virginia Conservation Trust(703) 354-5093Arlington County, City of Alexandria, City of Fairfax, Fairfax County, Loudoun County, Prince William County, Stafford County
Old Dominion Land Conservancy(540) 338-0077Fauquier County, Loudoun County, Rappahannock County, Stafford County
Piedmont Environmental Council(540) 347-2334Albemarle County, Clarke County, Culpeper County, Fauquier County, Greene County, Loudoun County, Madison County, Orange County, Rappahannock County
Potomac Conservancy(540) 667-3606Clarke County, Frederick County, Page County, Shenandoah County, Warren County
Rivanna Conservation Society(434) 977-4837Albemarle County, Fluvanna County
Rockbridge Area Conservation Council(540) 463-2330Rockbridge County
Rural Nelson(434) 263-5000Nelson County
Shenandoah Valley Battlefields Foundation(540) 740-4545Augusta County, Bath County, City of Harrisonburg, City of Staunton, City of Waynesboro, City of Winchester, Clarke County, Frederick County, Highland County, Page County, Rockbridge County, Shenandoah County, Warren County
Valley Conservation Council(540) 886-3541Allegheny County, Augusta County, Bath County, Botetourt County, City of Harrisonburg, City of Staunton, City of Waynesboro, City of Winchester, Frederick County, Highland County, Page County, Rockbridge County, Rockingham County, Shenandoah County, Warren County
Virginia Eastern Shore Land Trust(757) 442-5885Northampton County
Waterford Foundation(540) 882-3018Loudoun County


Statewide land trusts

Land Trust Phone Number
Ducks Unlimited 843-745-7881
Land Trust of Virginia 540-687-8441
Preservation Virginia 804-648-1889
The 500-Year Forest Foundation 434-953-3325
The Conservation Fund 703-525-6300
The Nature Conservancy 434-295-6106
Trust for Public Land 202-543-7552
Virginia Outdoors Foundation 540-347-7727

Nonprofit organizations in Virginia qualified to accept land for protection are defined (pursuant to the Virginia Conservation Easement Act, §§ 10.1-1009 through 10.1-1016, as being a charitable corporation, charitable association, or charitable trust that has been declared exempt from taxation pursuant to 26 U.S.C.A. § 501 (c) (3) and the primary purposes or powers of which include

  • retaining or protecting the natural or open-space values of real property
  • assuring the availability of real property for agricultural, forestal, recreational, or open-space use
  • protecting natural resources
  • maintaining or enhancing air or water quality or
  • preserving the historic, architectural or archaeological aspects of real property

These qualified land conservation organizations are defined as "holders" in the act, essentially meaning they are eligible to acquire and hold a conservation easement by gift, purchase, devise or bequest. These groups must have had a principal office in the Commonwealth for at least five years. Until such a group meets these requirements, it may co-hold a conservation easement with another holder that meets the requirements.

In addition to holding easements, many land trusts and conservancies buy or are given land. And there are many conservation organizations that do not actually hold easements or acquire land. They work instead to educate and promote use of the various land conservation tools.

For information about how to start a land trust or conservancy, contact Office of Land Conservation, Virginia Department of Conservation and Recreation, 600 E. Main St., 24th Floor, Richmond, Va. 23219, 804-225-2048; email landcon@dcr.virginia.gov. Also, see www.lta.org for information provided by the Land Trust Alliance, a national organization that helps local land trusts by providing tools and resources needed to get started and improve.

Land conservation organizations conduct their own initiatives to identify and target priority lands to be preserved in their own regions. One example of this is The Nature Conservancy's Conservation by Design initiative. This initiative lays out a conservation approach comprised of four fundamental components:

  • setting priorities through ecoregional planning
  • developing conservation strategies
  • taking direct conservation action and
  • measuring conservation success

The New River Land Trust's effort to identify and develop an interconnected network of riverfront properties and islands that, in total, make up a "blueway" is another excellent such example. This blueway will offer protection of prime scenic properties along the New River while offering the public direct waterfront access for canoeing, fishing, etc. These and many other private efforts play major roles in conserving open-space land.

For more information about particular land conservation programs and initiatives, contact the individual land conservation organization listed in Land conservation organizations, land trusts, and conservancies in Virginia.

Virginia's United Land Trusts (VaULT)

Virginia's United Land Trusts (VaULT) organized in 2000 to address the growing interest and number of organizations involved in land conservation. It represents about 30 private land conservation organizations in Virginia. The group's goals are

  • to promote land conservation efforts statewide
  • to create or build land trust capacity
  • to foster greater coordination and communication between land trusts in Virginia
  • to coordinate private land conservation efforts with those of public sector agencies thus better enabling effective statewide conservation planning and green infrastructure promotion, and
  • to promote high professional standards for land trusts in Virginia

For information about VaULT, contact Nikki Rovner, Virginia's United Land Trusts, at the Nature Conservancy, 530 E. Main St., Suite 800, Richmond, VA 23219.

National land conservation organizations

There are numerous national and regional land conservation groups as well. Some focus on particular resources and some provide generic information useful to all land conservation organizations. Here's a list of some of those groups:

Land Conservation Organizations, Land Trusts and Conservancies in Virginia

Click on the land trust or conservation organization below for contact information.

Organization, location

Appalachian Trail Conference, Harpers Ferry, W. Va.
Blue Ridge Foothills Conservancy, Madison, Va.
Blue Ridge Land Conservancy, Roanoke, Va.
Brandy Station Foundation, Brandy Station, Va.
Capital Regional Land Conservancy, Richmond, Va.
Cedar Creek Battlefield Foundation, Middletown, Va.
Central Virginia Battlefields Trust, Stafford, Va.
Central Virginia Land Conservancy, Lynchburg, Va.
Chesapeake Bay Foundation, Richmond, Va.
Civil War Preservation Trust, Washington, DC
Ducks Unlimited, North Charleston, S.C.
500-Year Forest Foundation, Charlottesville, Va.
Friends of Dragon Run, Gloucester, Va.
Friends of the Rappahannock, Fredericksburg, Va.
Green Fence Conservation Trust, Norfolk, Va.
Historic Green Springs, Louisa, Va.
Historic Polegreen Church Foundation, Mechanicsville, Va.
Historic Virginia Land Conservancy, Williamsburg, Va.
James River Association, Richmond, Va.
Jamestown Compact Land Trust, Middleburg, Va.
Kernstown Battlefield Association, Winchester, Va.
Land Trust of Virginia, Leesburg, Va.
Mathews County Land Conservancy, Mathews, Va.
Middle Peninsula Land Trust, Mathews, Va.
National Committee for the New River, West Jefferson, N.C.
National Trust for Historic Preservation, Washington, D.C.
New River Land Trust, Blacksburg, Va.
Northern American Land Trust, Chesterfield, Va.
Northern Neck Land Conservancy, Kilmarnock, Va.
Northern Virginia Conservation Trust, Annandale, Va.
Old Dominion Land Conservancy, Purcellville, Va.
Piedmont Environmental Council, Warrenton, Va.
Potomac Appalachian Trail Club, Vienna, Va.
Potomac Conservancy, Arlington, Va.
Preservation Alliance of Virginia, Richmond, Va.
Preservation Virginia, Richmond, Va.
Rivanna Conservation Society, Palmyra, Va.
Roanoke River Rails to Trails, Inc., South Hill, Va.
Rockbridge Area Conservation Council, Lexington, Va.
Scenic Virginia, Richmond, Va.
Shenandoah Valley Battlefields Foundation, New Market, Va.
The Nature Conservancy, Virginia Office, Charlottesville, Va.
Trevilian Station Battlefield Foundation, Trevillian, Va.
Valley Conservation Council, Staunton, Va.
Virginia Eastern Shore Land Trust, Exmore, Va.
Virginia Outdoors Foundation, Richmond, Va.
Waterford Foundation, Waterford, Va.

Virginia land conservation organizations, land trusts and conservancies contacts

Appalachian Trail Conference
P.O. Box 807
Harpers Ferry, WV 25425-0807
Phone: 304-535-6331
Area of Operation: The Appalachian Mountains/Trail
Email: atc-varo@appalachiantrail.org

Blue Ridge Foothills Conservancy
P.O. Box 116
Hood, VA 22723
Phone: 540-948-5444
Area of Operation: Madison and Greene Counties

Blue Ridge Land Conservancy
722 First Street, Suite L
Roanoke, VA 24016-4120
Phone: 540-985-0000
Area of Operation: Bedford, Botetourt, Craig, Floyd, Franklin, Montgomery and Roanoke counties

Brandy Station Foundation
P.O. Box 165
Brandy Station, VA 22714
Area of Operation: Brandy Station Battlefields (Culpeper County)
Phone: 540-727-7718

Capital Region Land Conservancy
P.O. Box 17306
Richmond, VA 23226
Area of Operation: Richmond City and Chesterfield, Henrico, Hanover, Goochland, Powhatan, New Kent and Charles City counties
Phone: 804-370-6808

Cedar Creek Battlefield Foundation
P.O. Box 229
Middletown, VA 22645
Phone: 540-869-2064
Area of Operation: Cedar Creek Battlefield, Middletown, Va.

Central Virginia Battlefields Trust
P.O. Box 3417
Fredericksburg, VA 22402
Phone: 540-374-0900
Area of Operation: Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania Counties

Central Virginia Land Conservancy
P.O. Box 12105
Lynchburg, Va. 24506
Phone: 434-942-4320
Area of Operation: Amherst, Appomattox, Bedford and Nelson counties; cities of Bedford and Lynchburg
Email: info@cvalc.org

Chesapeake Bay Foundation
1108 East Main St, Suite 1600
Richmond, VA 23219
Phone: 804-780-1392
Area of Operation: Chesapeake Bay watershed

Civil War Trust
1156 15th St., NW
Washington, DC 20005
Phone: 202-367-1861
Area of Operation: Civil War battlefields

Ducks Unlimited and Wetlands America Trust
3294 Ashley Phosphate Rd., Suite 2A
North Charleston, SC 29418
Phone: 843-745-7881
Email: cvaughn@ducks.org

500-Year Forest Foundation
P.O. Box 1272
Charlottesville, VA 22902
Phone: 434-953-3325
Area of Operation: Virginia
Email: 500yearforests@gmail.com

Friends of Dragon Run
P.O. Box 882
Gloucester, VA 23061-0882
Area of Operation: Dragon Run watershed: King and Queen, Gloucester, Middlesex, and Essex Counties

Friends of the Rappahannock
P.O. Box 7254
Fredericksburg, VA 22404
Area of Operation: Rappahannock River watershed
Phone: 540-373-3448

Green Fence Conservation Trust
9547-A 26th Bay St.
Norfolk, VA 23518
Phone: 757-362-0180

Historic Green Springs
P.O. Box 1685
Louisa, VA 23093-1685
Phone: 540-967-1099
Area of Operation: Green Springs Historic District, Louisa County

Historic Polegreen Church Foundation
P.O. Box 2111
Mechanicsville, VA 23116
Phone: 804-730-3837
Area of Operation: Richmond battlefield area

Historic Virginia Land Conservancy
5000 New Point Road, Suite 3101
Williamsburg, VA 23188-9411
Phone: 757-565-0343
Area of Operation: Lower James and York River watersheds

James River Association
9 South 12th St., 4th Floor
Richmond , VA 23111
Phone: 804-788-8811
Area of Operation: James River watershed

Kernstown Battlefield Association
P.O. Box 1327
Winchester, VA
Area of Operation: Kernstown Battlefield, Winchester and Frederick, Va.
Email: kba@kernstownbattle.org

Land Trust of Virginia
The Little White House in Atoka
7260 Rectors Land
Marshall, VA 20115
Phone: 540-687-8441
Area of Operation: Virginia

Mathews Land Conservancy
P.O. Box 306
Mathews, VA 23109-0306
Phone: 804-725-9685
Area of Operation: Mathews County

Middle Peninsula Land Trust
P.O. Box 585
Mathews, VA 23109-0585
Phone: 888-887-0909
Area of Operation: Essex, Gloucester, King and Queen, King William, Mathews and Middlesex counties

National Committee for the New River
4 N. Jefferson Ave.
P.O. Box 1480
West Jefferson, NC 28694
Phone: 336-246-4871
Area of Operation: New River watershed

National Trust for Historic Preservation
1785 Massachusetts Ave, NW
Washington, DC 20036
Phone: 202-588-6000

New River Land Trust
P.O. Box 11057
Blacksburg, VA 24062-1057
Phone: 540-951-1704
Area of Operation: New River Watershed

North American Land Trust
9910 Wagner's Way
Chesterfield, VA 23832
Phone: 804-338-3332

Northern Neck Land Conservancy
P.O. Box 125
Lancaster, VA 22503
Area of Operation: King George, Westmoreland, Richmond, Northumberland and Lancaster counties
Phone: 804-462-0979
Email: nnlc@kaballero.com

Northern Virginia Conservation Trust
4022 Hummer Road
Annandale, VA 22003-2403
Phone: 703-354-5093
Area of Operation: Northern Virginia

Old Dominion Land Conservancy
621 W. Main St.
Purcellville, VA 20132
Area of Operation: Fauquier, Loudoun, Rappahannock and Stafford counties
Phone: 540-338-0077
Email: henry@odlc.us

Piedmont Environmental Council
P.O. Box 460
Warrenton, VA 20188-0460
Phone: 540-347-2334
Area of Operation: Albemarle, Clarke, Culpeper, Fauquier, Greene, Loudoun, Madison, Orange and Rappahannock counties

Potomac Appalachian Trail Club
118 Park St SE
Vienna, VA 22180
Phone: 703-242-0315
Area of Operation: Virginia, Maryland, West Virginia, Pennsylvania, and Washington, DC

Potomac Conservancy
210 S. Braddock St., Suite 101
Winchester, VA 22601
Phone: 540-667-3606
Area of Operation: Potomac watershed

Preservation Alliance of Virginia
108 E. Grace St., Suite 1
Richmond, VA 23219
Phone: 804-648-1889
Area of Operation: Virginia
Email: pav@vapreservation.org

Preservation Virginia
204 W. Franklin St.
Richmond, VA 23220
Phone: 804-648-1889
Area of Operation: Eastern Shore to mountains

Rivanna Conservation Society
108 5th St., SE
Charlottesville , VA 22902
Phone: 434-977-4837
Area of Operation: Rivanna River watershed

Roanoke River Rails to Trails, Inc., and Tobacco Heritage Trail
P.O. Box 150
South Hill, VA 23970
Area of Operation: Brunswick, Charlotte, Halifax and Mecklenburg counties
Phone: 434-447-7101
Email: pdc@spbc.state.va.us

Rockbridge Area Conservation Council
P.O. Box 564
Lexington, VA 24450
Phone: 540-463-2330
Area of Operation: Rockbridge County and immediate surrounding area
Email: RACC@rockbridge.net

Scenic Virginia
4 E. Main St., Suite 2A
Richmond, VA 23219
Phone: 804-643-8439
Area of Operation: Virginia
Email: email@scenicvirginia.org

Shenandoah Valley Battlefields Foundation
P.O. Box 897
New Market, VA 22844
Phone: 540-740-4545
Area of Operation: Shenandoah Valley

The Nature Conservancy of Virginia
490 Westfield Rd
Charlottesville, VA 22901-1633
Phone: 434-295-6106
Area of Operation: Virginia

Trevilian Station Battlefield Foundation
P.O. Box 124
Trevilians, VA 23170
Phone: 804-589-8989
Area of Operation: Trevilian Station Battlefield

Valley Conservation Council
17 Barristers Row
Staunton, VA 24401
Phone: 540-886-3541 or 877-216-1782
Area of Operation: Allegheny, Augusta, Bath, Botetourt, Frederick, Highland, Page, Rockbridge, Rockingham, Shenandoah, Warren

Virginia Eastern Shore Land Trust
P.O. Box 1114
Exmore, VA 23350-1114
Area of Operation: Accomack and Northampton counties
Phone: 757-442-5885

Virginia Outdoors Foundation
39 Garrett St., Suite 200
Warrenton, VA 20186
Phone: 540-347-7727
Area of Operation: Virginia
Email: bcabibbo@vofonline.org

Waterford Foundation
P.O. Box 142
Waterford, VA 20197-0142
Phone: 540-882-3018
Area of Operation: Waterford National Historic Landmark District and northern Loudoun County
Email: info@waterfordva.org

Trade organizations interested in land conservation